Christian Goddesses or Pagan Survivals? – Professor Ronald Hutton

Sixty years ago it was believed by the majority of academic scholars that active paganism survived in many forms in medieval and early modern Europe. Now virtually all have ceased to believe this and a growing number argue that we should not even talk of customs and images as having survived from paganism as part of Christian culture. This talk suggests that both positions may be equally flawed, by looking at a set of supernatural female figures in medieval and early modern European belief which do not seem to be survivals from ancient paganism but have nothing to do with Christianity either. Perhaps we need a completely new language for them?